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Another proposed design by Roddie

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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Sun Feb 10, 2019 9:41 pm

Some of you may remember this technique that I discovered a few years ago, for feathering the edges of hinged control-surfaces and around the perimeter of a thin sheet-wing/stab. etc.

Before I get too far into it.. I made another useful tool this afternoon. I mentioned the Dubro "Kwik-Hinge Slotter" tool in my last post. It comes with a drill-centering guide (attachment) with holes for three common drill sizes. I thought to myself; If I had a "pen" that would fit into one of those holes.. I could mark the center of the edges on my parts.. for a reference when sanding/feathering them out.  Shocked Stay with me here.. because this is kinda' cool if you're a freak like me...  Laughing

A while back... I bought a "Pilot" .38mm (extra-fine) G2 gel-ink pen for inking my plans. The cartridges' "point" has a fairly long/straight shaft measuring .098" diameter.. long enough to fit through the drill-guide. The center-hole in the guide is for the common 3/32" (.093") drill.. so I sourced a .098" diameter (#40) drill from my index and enlarged that hole. The G2 gel-pen "cartridge" now fit's snugly into that hole.

Here's a photo..



The Dubro kits' "scissor-fixture" accepts the drill-guide attachment.. (snaps onto two pins/posts) and will accommodate a maximum edge-thickness of .500". You can see the centered-marks on the edges of my parts.

OK.. moving right along..  Smoking (where's that smoking emoticon that Eric used..  Smile ) I use a "Smiths" knife-sharpener" (carbide-blade side) locked in my bench-vise, for feathering the edges of my parts that need their edges feathered.  Laughing

It makes short-work of a laborious task that many choose to omit.. but can dramatically improve the performance of a small  model airplane.




The tapered edges are a little rough.. so I go over them with a 220 grit sanding-block which smooth's them out quick and easy.



The assembled stab./elevator with hinges in their slots gives full 90 degree deflection with no gap in-between.

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a re-do on the L/G struts

Post  roddie on Tue Feb 12, 2019 7:57 pm

The first inverted-"V" gear that I bent-up for this model sucked.. right from the start. It wasn't wide-enough, where it slips-over the fuse-doublers (in the slot under the wing) It just wasn't a good fit.. and you can't "re-bend" music-wire.. No!

The "re-do" wasn't without issue.. I measured best I could... but the fit was still too tight. I needed an inverted "U" shape with 90-degree bends... and .300" clearance between its' two legs (the thickness of the fuse w/doublers).

I managed to adjust the music-wire for a good fit.



All of the fuse-pieces that Eric loves.. have been glued-together to form the final fuse-contour.. Laughing



The main wing-slot is at 90 degrees to the fuse.. but the slot for the horizontal stabilizer needs to be "tweaked" a little more. Taking photos can help with alignment.

The left-side of the stab. is slightly "low".. which can be seen in the below-photos..




The wing/stab. slots in the fuse are for 1/8" sheet-balsa.. so I use a small piece of .100" thickness rigid-material and some medium-grit sandpaper to "tweak" the slot.. until both surfaces are level.



It doesn't take much. A stroke or two might correct the condition.
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  getback on Wed Feb 13, 2019 9:49 am

Yeah Roddie are you going to put offset in the rudder ? I am taking Notes Very Happy  The gear looks good ! Will this have a pilot and copilot ? Shocked  I stopped using that hinge material but i didn't think about cutting it smaller for small planes DUH   copy and save Brother
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Wed Feb 13, 2019 6:06 pm

getback wrote:Yeah Roddie are you going to put offset in the rudder ? I am taking Notes Very Happy  The gear looks good ! Will this have a pilot and copilot ? Shocked  I stopped using that hinge material but i didn't think about cutting it smaller for small planes DUH   copy and save Brother

Laughing I Love This Forum!  and I love "you" brother! No rudder-offset will be applied. You may remember; I sourced some DAL-brand 5" x 4" L/H propellers. I plan on running one on this airplane. I will apply some outboard-wing tip-weight.. but less than would be required if running a R/H propeller. I'm thinking; x1 thin "slice" of the weights used for the "Pine-Wood Derby" cars.

The CA hinge material is very strong.. even if you cut it into narrow strips. My strips are 1/4" width.. but you could cut them to "half" that width.. as long as there are "enough" to support the span of the control-surface. I will probably experiment with narrower-width CA hinges in the future.
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gluing the CA hinges

Post  roddie on Wed Feb 13, 2019 7:02 pm

The CA hinges that I used on this model, require anchoring with "thin" Cyanoacrylate adhesive. Since I'd completed fitting the hinges.. and feathering-out the hinge-line of the stabilizer/elevator.. I could now continue with "anchoring" (gluing-in) the hinges.

I slightly separate the stab. and elev. to expose the hinge-points.. and use a common/sewing-"pin" to pierce the wood (top and bottom..) in several places where the hinges will be.. to allow the thin CA glue to penetrate.




Once the pin-holes are all made; I reposition the two parts back-together to form a tight hinge-line.. and apply thin CA glue over the pin-holes.. and "wipe-over" the areas with a small piece of wax-paper to spread/force the glue into the pin-holes.



It's a different gluing-technique than is recommended by "Sig".. but it keeps glue away-from/off-of the hinge-line. These hinges are not going to pull-out of their slots.. I guarantee it. Cool
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  NEW222 on Wed Feb 13, 2019 7:36 pm

I love it when a good plane comes together! Very Happy
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Wed Feb 13, 2019 7:58 pm

NEW222 wrote:I love it when a good plane comes together! Very Happy

Hey Chancey! Smile Thanks so much for the kind words! Much of the "tough-work" has been done. There are still a few things which will challenge me.. but I'm definitely up for it!
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applying wood-filler to the fuse-contours

Post  roddie on Wed Feb 13, 2019 8:11 pm

I have used this pictured version of Elmer's "Carpenter's Wood Filler" on my last couple of models.. and I really like it. It sands like balsa.. need I say more.

I needed to fill the joints between the fuses' contour-pieces.. and around the ply-doublers and the fin/rudder joint.



I'll sand with fine-paper tomorrow! Smile
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  Ken Cook on Wed Feb 13, 2019 8:50 pm

And for the record, don't dope over latex fillers because it blisters
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Thu Feb 14, 2019 6:15 pm

Ken Cook wrote:          And for the record, don't dope over latex fillers because it blisters

Thanks Ken. Good to know. Thumbs Up I won't be using any dope on this model. The base-color is "white".. so I'm planning on using "KILZ-2".. and then applying the trim-color(s)/graphics over that base-coat.. followed by gloss or semi-gloss clear-polyurethane to seal.
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  NEW222 on Thu Feb 14, 2019 7:25 pm

Hmmm. Kilz hey. That is the stuff we use on the bottom of the plywood floor we replace in the busses as we rebuild them. It appears to be some good stuff. I had never thought of it on an airplane. I will be watching this step very, very carefully..... Shocked
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Thu Feb 14, 2019 8:05 pm

NEW222 wrote:Hmmm. Kilz hey. That is the stuff we use on the bottom of the plywood floor we replace in the busses as we rebuild them. It appears to be some good stuff. I had never thought of it on an airplane. I will be watching this step very, very carefully..... Shocked

The KILZ "2" is the latex version of KILZ white-pigmented shellac. Zinsser-brand makes a similar product called "Bin-Seal". Their latex variant is labelled "Bulls-eye 1-2-3". Both manufacturers claim that these products can be top-coated with any latex or oil-based paint.

The fact that it's a "white-pigmented" coating, makes it a perfect choice for a model with a white base-color. It's like a primer/sealer/base-color all in a single application. The latex has less noxious fumes than the oil-based variant. That's important at my house.

I'll probably be "brushing it on".. we'll see. It has a dull/flat-finish. That's fine... because after the trim-colors are applied, I plan to seal the finish by spraying with polyurethane.
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  RknRusty on Thu Feb 14, 2019 10:00 pm

Rod, I finally got around to reading your whole thread in one sitting. I've been very slack about keeping up with my fellow forum members' project threads, and I regret that because some of my thoughts would have been more appropriate in the proper context of the timeline.

In any case, I like it a lot. My only constructive criticism is regarding the stab chord. And it matters only if you plan on ever flying this plane, and then only if your flight plan involves flying a loop or turning 180° to inverted. I would consider trimming the stab chord to about 25° of the wing chord. I think you'd find it to be much more responsive and needing considerably less room to execute such a turn. Whether or not to reduce the actual chord of the elevator alone, I can't say, but with that change, testing different fore-aft C/G positions will be necessary.

The only other question I have is, why not give this bird some airfoil? A 1/4" sheet of Sig airfoil would make some beneficial lift... or even a pair of those sheets laminated together for a stunt type symmetrical foil. I understand the latter might be more weight than you have accounted for.

Anyway, nice bird. You've put an admirable lot of thought into it. Good luck,
Rusty

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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  rsv1cox on Fri Feb 15, 2019 6:54 am

Excellent job on those hinges roddie, I never thought they would offer that much deflection. They are on my to-do list for my next build.

I hope Kilz two smells better than Kilz one. The smell of kilz one kilz me.......
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  fredvon4 on Fri Feb 15, 2019 11:33 am

Gonna sound mean when I do not intend to...


Take a 4" x 6 by thin piece of scrap balsa weigh it
make another
Weigh it and trim one to be exact weight of your Two test strips

Spray one with Crylon or Rustoleum White

brush on your Kilz 2 white

report back

my bet...kilz will be THREE times heavier

The WHY: The Kilz formulas are designed as a Vapor barrier, a mold barrier, and a one coat stain or smoke barrier...the product has a LOT of the white solids...a LOT!!
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Fri Feb 15, 2019 8:10 pm

RknRusty wrote:Rod, I finally got around to reading your whole thread in one sitting. I've been very slack about keeping up with my fellow forum members' project threads, and I regret that because some of my thoughts would have been more appropriate in the proper context of the timeline.

In any case, I like it a lot. My only constructive criticism is regarding the stab chord. And it matters only if you plan on ever flying this plane, and then only if your flight plan involves flying a loop or turning 180° to inverted. I would consider trimming the stab chord to about 25° of the wing chord. I think you'd find it to be much more responsive and needing considerably less room to execute such a turn. Whether or not to reduce the actual chord of the elevator alone, I can't say, but with that change, testing different fore-aft C/G positions will be necessary.

The only other question I have is, why not give this bird some airfoil? A 1/4" sheet of Sig airfoil would make some beneficial lift... or even a pair of those sheets laminated together for a stunt type symmetrical foil. I understand the latter might be more weight than you have accounted for.

Anyway, nice bird. You've put an admirable lot of thought into it. Good luck,
Rusty

Man Rusty.. It's SoOoOo great to hear from you. We've missed you here dude! Smile If I understand you correctly.. my wings' chord is 4.0" which would require my stabs' chord to be 1.0".. is that right?

My stabs' root-chord is 2.25" but has a swept 11.25" leading-edge radius applied over the stabs' 8.75" span. The elevator has a constant-chord of .75".. with 1.5" radius trailing-tips.

I have definitely NOT followed any hard-fast design criteria when designing my airplanes for performing precision aerobatics. That's evident by my sheet-wing designs. They're "roundy-round" U-control models.. capable of wing-overs and inverted-flight.. which is (was.. Laughing ) the limit of my skill-set when I flew, many years ago.

I know that I need to graduate from sheet-wing.. and move-on to air-foiled wing-construction. My aim has been to set up my shop for that. Maybe this year. You may remember the RCM jigs that I made..



I've wanted to build a 50% smaller version with 1/8" diameter rods.. for 1/2A class wings.





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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Fri Feb 15, 2019 8:21 pm

rsv1cox wrote:Excellent job on those hinges roddie, I never thought they would offer that much deflection.  They are on my to-do list for my next build.

I hope Kilz two smells better than Kilz one.  The smell of kilz one kilz me.......

Thank You Robert. The method that I've developed for installing them, lends itself well to small airplanes.. (thin control-surfaces) It can often try your patience, when working with small parts. I try to develop methods to make it easier to assemble a small flying model.
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Fri Feb 15, 2019 8:34 pm

fredvon4 wrote:Gonna sound mean when I do not intend to...


Take a 4" x 6 by thin piece of scrap balsa weigh it
make another
Weigh it and trim one to be exact weight of your Two test strips

Spray one with Crylon or Rustoleum White

brush on your Kilz 2 white

report back

my bet...kilz will be THREE times heavier

The WHY:   The Kilz formulas are designed as a Vapor barrier, a mold barrier, and a one coat stain or smoke barrier...the product has a LOT of the white solids...a LOT!!

Hi Phred, Yes.. you're correct. The reason that I'm using the "KILZ" product is exactly because of it's composition.. and the fact that this models' base-color is "white". I intend to apply (directly to bare-wood) a single coat.. whereas I'd alternately need to seal/prime and possibly apply multiple base-coats of a garden-variety white spray-paint for my base-color. The "KILZ" may be heavy.. but it's also a barrier for sealing the wood against fuel/oil ingress. The trim-color(s) will be applied over that single-coat.. followed by a misting of polyurethane.
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  akjgardner on Sat Feb 16, 2019 7:53 am

Your Airplane Looks Good Roddie. Iv'e had good luck with Krylon Paints. They seem to be pretty fuel proof .
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  rsv1cox on Sat Feb 16, 2019 7:56 am

Ok, so someone has to educate me why everybody doesn't use Minwax Sanding Sealer.

When Aero gloss sanding sealer became unavailable I searched for a suitable substitute finding nothing until I found this product.



Cheap, available and it works as a base coat sealer. My last three builds feature it, whether finished in colors or white.




On wings, I use a broad brush liberally applied, let it sit a few seconds and wipe it off well pushing hard into the surface. Water based you must do both sides or it will warp. Applied this way it dries in minutes depending upon temperature/humidity. When dry I apply a second coat in the same manner. When dry, sand smooth and paint. I use Top Flights Lustrekote either primer then paint, or just paint. I would think that off the shelf rattle cans would work as well......as soon as I run out of Lustrekote.

Bob
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  KariFS on Sat Feb 16, 2019 8:23 am

I think Roddie mentioned some time ago that his wife can’t stand the smell of solvents, so he prefers water-based stuff.

I remember because I have the same issue, no shop outside the house (working on it though) and SWMBO dislikes the smell of epoxy and solvents.

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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  rsv1cox on Sat Feb 16, 2019 8:35 am

KariFS wrote:I think Roddie mentioned some time ago that his wife can’t stand the smell of solvents, so he prefers water-based stuff.

I remember because I have the same issue, no shop outside the house (working on it though) and SWMBO dislikes the smell of epoxy and solvents.


"Water based you must do both sides or it will warp."
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Sat Feb 16, 2019 9:43 am

rsv1cox wrote:
KariFS wrote:I think Roddie mentioned some time ago that his wife can’t stand the smell of solvents, so he prefers water-based stuff.

I remember because I have the same issue, no shop outside the house (working on it though) and SWMBO dislikes the smell of epoxy and solvents.


"Water based you must do both sides or it will warp."

I will heed your warning Robert. I'm glad that you guys are commenting. It's giving me a lot to consider/re-consider. I'll "have" to eventually use some products that have an odor. Maybe I should put-off those steps until the weather is mild-enough to work outside. OTOH... I may be able to seal/paint the model at my employers' shop.
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  NEW222 on Sat Feb 16, 2019 10:50 am

I wonder with it being a high solids primer/paint, and the fact I do know how it works, I wonder if one puts on a coat, then sands the majority off to remove excess weight. Not much different than using primer and sanding off a guide coat. You could eliminate a lot of weight that way. And to even save a bit more, one could use a WBPU coat first to seal teh wood pores from absorbing more, this way you would only be filling the grain left that the WBPU did not fill. Just another random Saturday morning thought from a brain that just started to operate!
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Re: Another proposed design by Roddie

Post  roddie on Sat Feb 16, 2019 6:57 pm

NEW222 wrote:I wonder with it being a high solids primer/paint, and the fact I do know how it works, I wonder if one puts on a coat, then sands the majority off to remove excess weight. Not much different than using primer and sanding off a guide coat. You could eliminate a lot of weight that way. And to even save a bit more, one could use a WBPU coat first to seal teh wood pores from absorbing more, this way you would only be filling the grain left that the WBPU did not fill. Just another random Saturday morning thought from a brain that just started to operate!

Hey Chancey, You have some very interesting random Saturday morning thoughts my friend! This is how we find solutions!

I went on some errands today.. and one included some shopping at "Lowes" (a "big-box" home improvement outlet). While there; I visited the paint department. I was curious about the Minwax sanding-sealer that Robert had mentioned. Lowes has it.. priced at approx. $17/qt.

I chose to buy some Krylon rattle-can automotive sandable-primer (white) and also their automotive acrylic enamel (gloss white).



Lowes also stocks Krylon "Epoxy Enamel" in gloss white.. which was very tempting.  Epoxy enamels are said to be the most resistant to any type of fuel.. but I will be applying trim-colors over a white-base. I think I'll try the Krylon white sandable-primer.. and see if it will pass for a white-base. My trim-colors should adhere well to that. The final sealing will be a clear polyurethane, of which I have a choice of satin, semi-gloss or gloss.
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