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Post  OhBee on Sat Mar 14, 2020 1:36 am

Ya...I knew the big number was tpi...couldn't correlate the 4,6,8 to anything...
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Post  944_Jim on Sat Mar 14, 2020 4:37 am

OhBee,
Go here for a chart that shows the specs for each size screw.


https://littlemachineshop.com/reference/tapdrill.php

https://mechanicalc.com/reference/fastener-size-tables#hardware-sizes-inch

Note that #3 isn't listed. #3 was what the smaller Cox engines were built to use. I do have a stash of #3 stuff, but no drill guide for mounting screw holes. If the mounting holes are not laid out just right, then the engine won't match up in your firewall right. #2 hardware, being a bit smaller, allows for a bit of fudge factor.

I seem to remember looking at metric stuff to discover that either M2 (2 mm) or M2.5 (2.5 mm) was pretty close to #3. Blind nuts are pretty hard to find in metric, so it wasn't a path I wanted to investigate more deeply. I think M3 is bigger than #3, but may be the size specified for larger foreign engines, like my Norvels/AP Wasps.

Using #4 hardware will require drilling out the backplate mounting holes. I won't do that to a metal backplate because the mounting ears are already pretty weak. Plastic horseshoe backplates are still pretty common, and have lots of material around the mounting holes, so drill away if you choose. Just like #3 screws, you better be pretty accurate laying out your mounting holes.

And just to make things more confusing, wait until you want to play with prop mounting screws. Those are #5-40! And some 1/2A props have a recessed hub requiring a shorter screw, while some props have a solid/thicker hub requiring a longer screw.


Last edited by 944_Jim on Sat Mar 14, 2020 4:42 am; edited 1 time in total (Reason for editing : Added extra link for drill size by fastener)
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Post  63expert on Sat Mar 14, 2020 10:07 am

The whole fastener thing can be intimidating.

SAE stuff is spec’d by the thread major diameter and the number of threads inside of one inch.

SI (metric) fasteners are spec’d by major diameter and the thread pitch

Pitch is the distance between each thread peak, or root.

TPI is somewhat of an anachronism.

Pitch is more specific description.

M6-1.0 (6MM) has a major diameter of 6mm and each thread peak is 1mm distant from each other.

1/4-20 is .250” major diameter and has a pitch of .040” between thread peaks.

Metric is nice to deal with because all the info you need to deal with the fastener is in the thread spec.

The tap drill is determined by subtracting the pitch from the major diameter.

6mm - 1mm = 5mm tap drill size.

Same for SAE, but you have to do more math.

1-8 fasteners

1.000 major diameter. 8 TPI.

Pitch is 1/8 which = .125

1.000-.125= .875 or 7/8 tap drill size.

Hope this helps Wink
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Post  roddie on Sat Mar 14, 2020 12:36 pm

OhBee, The machine-screws that fit the Cox engines can all be sourced.. but as you know; not at the store down the road.

I sourced some harder-to-find machine-screws from FASTENAL; a hardware specialist. Most of what I needed was only available in quantities/boxes of 100 pieces.. so I chose to order 3-48, 4-40 and 5-40 black-oxide coated cap-screws, in 1" lengths. This way I had the option to custom-cut lengths to suit. The 4-40 size are superior replacement head-screws as well as the backplates on  some of your vintage .09 thru .35 American steel-fin 2-stroke model engines. I have some of those.

"Beam-mounting" the TeeDee and Medallion (FRV) .049/.051 engines requires a 3-48 size machine-screw. Screw "length" is determined by the thickness of the beam. A typical hardwood beam-size for the aforementioned engines would be between 1/4" (.250") and 5/16" (.312") square-stock. Your machine-screw length needs to be long-enough to pass-through a #3 steel flat-washer, the engine's mounting-ear, the hardwood beam, with enough length remaining to fully accept a 3-48 locknut and washer. Tee-nuts can be used.. but drilling the pilot-holes for them in this small size of a beam, I would not recommend. A #39 drill (.099" dia.) is the proper drill for installing 3-48 size machine-screws.

Here's some photos of the 1/4" square Maple beams in my T33Dee

Beam mounts - Page 2 1-1-1611

It's easy to overlook "model-hardware" in your searches.. or even discard packets that were throw-in when sourcing model-supplies 2nd-hand. "Perfect" brand.. for example.

Beam mounts - Page 2 1-1-1612
Beam mounts - Page 2 1-2-1612
Beam mounts - Page 2 1-2-1610


Beam mounts - Page 2 1-2-1611
Beam mounts - Page 2 20200310

I have and will eventually install 3-48 socket-head/cap-screws and lock-nuts that were sourced from Fastenal.
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Post  OhBee on Sat Mar 14, 2020 1:47 pm

I think I'll stick to fishing.....A lot to learn and know there too,but after over 60 yrs. of doing it I at least have it all  figured out! Non of this was this frustrating or confusing when we were kids. Who messed it all up?
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Post  OhBee on Sat Mar 14, 2020 2:27 pm

Well we do have a Fastenal here....but previous attempts at finding stuff hasn't been all that productive there either! Problem with this town is unqualified people unwilling or too lazy to do thier job,!
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Post  NEW222 on Sat Mar 14, 2020 2:34 pm

The only thing with your Fastenal is that you may still need to order it in if they do not have stock. But they will be able to get you what you need.
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Post  944_Jim on Sat Mar 14, 2020 2:36 pm

Fortunately Fastenal has an online catalog. Bad part is they want to sell in bulk online. But if you know their part numbers, then they may bust a bag open for a partial sale. I know ours will...if it is in stock.
Also check with Motion Industries. I buy my British Carb o-rings in bulk from them, and GL 4 gear lube for old differentials/gearboxes.
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Post  roddie on Sat Mar 14, 2020 6:02 pm

I realize that people don't want to have to buy 100 screws.. Laughing That's a lot of screws. I'd send anybody a "screw or two" for nothin'.. if it meant getting one engine to run.

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Post  Dave P. on Sat Mar 14, 2020 7:47 pm

Here's a link to RTL Fasteners website search for 3-48 hardware.  I thought they had 3-48 blind nuts too, but I didn't see them listed. It's worth asking them though. Great folks.

https://www.rtlfasteners.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?

Edit - I tried the link and it goes to their home page. Just enter 3-48 in the search.


Last edited by Dave P. on Sat Mar 14, 2020 7:52 pm; edited 1 time in total (Reason for editing : Incorrect link)
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Post  dckrsn on Sat Mar 14, 2020 8:46 pm

I don't know about the shipping, but they're available here.
https://www.gravesrc.com/dubro-3-48-blind-nuts-4.html
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Post  Ken Cook on Sun Mar 15, 2020 6:21 am

Just out of curiosity, why use a screw that's been on it's way out for nearly 4 decades? I agree it fits the TD correctly. However, it makes little to no sense to source something difficult to readily obtain when the 2-56 does the job equally as well.  Fox used 3-48's for many engines due to being cheap and he obtained them from military surplus. Dubro still offers 3-48 blind nuts but 2-56 is easier buying them in bulk. All modern high performance 1/2A engines use 2-56.
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